Category: Mechanics


For a while now I have been planning on converting to an electric car.  I got a really good deal on a Probe GT. Now I could just go ahead and buy a conversion kit and put it all together and do what so many before me has done, with the same results. But I could never do that. If I am to take on a big project I have to push the envelope and do something no one has done before.  And that was to do something that would in some way advance the technology of the electric car. And I am not an engineer of any sorts. What I am is a person with reasonable skills and intuition. I also believe that if the electric car is to actually dethrone the conventional combustion motor,  it’s going to have to come from us. Detroit has too much to lose and not enough to gain.  So having nearly two years of complete freedom from Arduous labor, I was able to focus my energies on solving the biggest limitation facing the electric car. Range. The obvious answer to range is more batteries, but there’s a problem, more batteries means more weight and more weight means more drag and more drag means less efficiency. The obvious solution was find a way to charge the batteries while in use. However you can not charge a battery while you’re discharging a battery.  The obvious solution to this problem was to divide the battery pack into two separate battery packs. With one pack driving at a time, and this is nothing new people have been putting dual packs in for sometime now. The trick was finding a way to charge the packs while they’re offline. Solar is one option, but a 4ft solar panel will only return about half of the energy spent over the course of an hour. We can also harness kinetic energy and friction, and send that back to the batteries. But here lies another problem, to actually charge the battery, these sources have to produce enough voltage to push past the batteries natural resistance. In the case of a 12v battery you need about 14v to actually push past the resistance. Another inhibiting factor is time. How long does it take to charge the whole bank? To charge the batteries fast would take a lot of amperage. So I had toyed with the idea of running dual high out alternators, one shafted directly to the electric motor, and the other belted to the first. The Idea is to series the alternators together generating 300+ amps. Here’s the puzzler, on the bench it works, just as it logically should. However once all put together, there was too much drag, and too much convergence(energy lost due to heat) that hardly anything made it back to the batteries. So I was back to square one. I had spit in the eye of Thermodynamics, and paid the price.  it took me a while to piece it all together, but here’s the problem, it’s the alternators themselves, and how they work. The alternator is made up of key components, the Rotor and the Stator coil. The stator coil is a tightly wound spool of copper wire. The rotor is a strong magnet, that spins inside the stator, creating a magnetic field in the stator, that is then converted to electric current. However, as every magnet has a north and south polarity. This will also create a counter motive force, this is caused by the convergence of the magnetic fields created by both north and south.  Since the fields are opposing they attract and counter act each other, which essentially stops the rotor.  So how do you overcome the counter motive force and keep the electromagnetic fields stabilized, long enough to charge the batteries.  I had to finally admit defeat on this. As I could not see a way around. So far there was no seemingly way to actually charge the batteries while the car was moving, the best I could do was increase the range about 5 miles. But as I was completely and totally dejected and confused,  I didn’t give up. It took me several months to break it all down and see where it went wrong.  The problem was in the batteries themselves. While the technologies in the motor and the controllers and the electronics in general have grown exponentially, batteries have not. And they pose great environmental hazards, when they have reached the end of their service. So that’s when I decided that the batteries had to go. They cost far too much, they are cumbersome, and add too much weight to the car. They are essentially the Achilles heal of the electric car. What we need is a whole new idea of looking at energy storage.  It was in one of those moments when my mind was completely on something completely unrelated, when it hit me. The whole solution to the problem was in the way the magnets and the coils interact. By understanding how the magnetic currents flow and how that flow interacts with the copper windings. So I hit up the ole reliable Youtube, and seen some little home-made projects, but nothing really substantial.  Then it dawned on me Ed Leedskalnin had just what I needed. Flywheels. A Flywheel is an energy storage device. And Ed made himself an unbelievable one. It was all in understanding the magnetic flow. On Ed’s flywheel all the magnetic currents pushed into the center where they are channeled through copper plate, where it is converted to electrical current. Which is then drawn off the wheel through electrical wiring.   What is strange is that this works because of the geometrical shape Ed formed the copper plating into. I am not quite sure of the significance of the six pointed star in Ed’s flywheel, but who am I to argue with Genius.  So with Ed’s concepts I set out to build my own flywheel. I thought I would start small like all those youtube videos. Sorry I do not own a camera of any kind so I can to talk myself through describing the construction of the flywheel.  I started with a pair of old CD’s. Mark one CD N. And the Other S. Then draw out the hours of the clock on each CD. Using extremely powerful rare earth bar magnets I paired up 24 for each CD. The Magnets I used for my first prototype had 58ft pounds of Magnetic force. Pairing them gives you 116 per pair. So watch your fingers you don’t want to get pinched pairing them up. Taking the CD marked North. Place the paired magnets on each hour line Going North/south. And similarly South/North on the CD marked S. Once the magnets were secured in their proper place and to their proper polarity, I tool some 1/2 wide copper plating and molded it into the six pointed star pattern that Ed Leedskalnin had used. Then I attached Copper to the CD’s. At this point it looks more like a Tesla Turbine than a flywheel. The Flywheel is mounted Vertically on an axis, within a plastic housing. Then I mounted four two-inch Iron ball bearings,  one in each corner of the wheel so to speak. The bearing are mounted to spin on its axes much like Earth spins. The bearings need to be iron, or other composite that can be turned into an electromagnet. As the flywheel spins, its producing 48 non converging magnetic fields that are pushed down into the center of the wheel, there is it forced into the copper plating, converting it to electricity. And at a mere 3000rpm my one little flywheel is putting out 18volts continuous current. Now imagine how much more I’ll get when I series 6 more of these together?

In response to some of the hateful email’s I received over my post, “The Self Reliant American” I must have hit a cord with some ultra conservatives. And I usually don’t care what other people say, and well I still don’t care, it just gives me something to blog about. I’ve been called a hippy, an environmentalist, a liberal, etc. Yeah OK whatever I never really identify with a label or a closed off philosophy. I have also been called a leaching worthless determent to society. And that I have to refute, I spent over 22 years contributing to that society. These days, I contribute as little as possible, and take back even less. As I read about 15 comments all so hurtful that I had to remove them, not because of any personal attacks on my character or lifestyle, but for the attacks on whole groups of people who I have been unfairly grouped into. Unfair to me as well as those that do Identify with, the liberals, and the gays, and the Muslims. Thats when it dawned on me. These attacks are motivated by fear.  Its fear that drives the debate against the mosque in New York. And do you all really want to set a president, of special interest controlling the rights of land owners? Are you prepared to have a church construction challenged like this? How much more of your freedoms are you going to sacrifice to your fears?  How many more wars do we have to endure to appease your fears? And where does this irrational fear of everything come from? It comes from a generations of people raised under the threat of global annihilation by nuclear war. Our leaders pushed an agenda of fear, and we grew up under that blanket of fear, And being fearful makes it so much easier for them to pass laws like the patriot act, and openly spying on Americans on American soil. By instilling fear, and then dividing you against each other, it makes all that much easier for them to control you, and little by little they slowly take more and more of your rights away from you. And by the time you figured it all out, it’s far too late. There is nothing left for you to do but conform. When you break it all down there are really only two kinds of people on this planet. Those that live life, and those that run from it. If you run now, you will be running forever, and then everything you do, say and think will be ruled and controlled by that fear.

Born in a small village outside Riga Latvia on August 10th 1887. As legend has it Ed was engaged to be married to Agnes Scoff his sweet sixteen. Agnes called off the wedding the day before and soon after Ed left Latvia for the new world. Little is known of Ed’s life in Latvia, we know that his grandfather taught him to be a stone mason. He however winds up in a lumber mill in Canada.  It’s here where Ed contracted Tuberculous. As his condition worsened he headed for better climates.  We know in 1919 he makes it Florida. He meets a real-estate  agent named Moser. Moser and his wife take Ed in and nursed him back to health.  Ed claimed he was looking for just the right land. And he would know it when he found it. Moser took Ed around and showed him all the best available farm land, which Ed always rejected.  His odd demeanor coupled with the way he would prod  the prospected lands led people to speculate Ed was looking for buried treasure. Sometime in early 1922 Ed had found just the right land.  To Moser it was the worse possible land in all of Florida. It was solid bedrock of fossilized coral.  Ed was insistent and  Bought the land for $12 dollars. With in a few weeks Moser and his wife came to check up on Ed and the first signs of Ed’s genius. On a simple chain hoist made of telephone poles, as an immense carved block of Coral, just hanging there perfectly level perfectly calm.  And in no time Rock gate is built. If you haven’t seen Coral Castle or heard of Ed Leedskalnin Click here . or click here for the In Search Of episode of Coral Castle. Ed started work in 1922 and finished by 1928. Ed then for reasons only known to Ed, He disassembled Rock Gate and moved it stone by stone, 10 miles away to Homestead, where over the next 3 years he reassembled Rock Gate by 1940.  In all the stones at Coral castle weigh a combined 3million pounds. A single wall stone weighs in greater than any single block of the great pyramids.  Some of these wall Obelisks weigh over 30 tons. And for all the architectural achievements accomplished by a poor Latvian immigrant with a fourth grade education, is only a fraction of Ed Leedskalnin’s true genius.  We may never know exactly how Ed did this all himself. But if we are going to try, we have to start with how Ed built his generator, and why it sounded like music when it ran? On the fly-wheel Ed installed 24 magnets in a six pointed start pattern. this way all poles north and south are pushing outward. If we picture how an alternator works inside maybe you will understand some of Ed’s genius. As the rotor spins inside the stator coil it is producing an electromagnetic field. It is also creating a counter force working against the rotor. So whats happening is the rotor is being stopped completely by this counter force, then restarted and stopped and the process is completely counter productive and highly inefficient.  In his one of his pamphlets of magnetic currents Leedskalnin identified this fundamental flaw and a way to correct it. lets picture the rotor as a simple bar magnet, it has a north and south pole. So as the north pole of the magnet is pushed across the copper windings of stator, an electromagnetic field is created. This field is then reversed once the south pole of the magnet passes through the stator on the same path. The result is two equal fields of opposite polarity, and they cancel each other out. Causing the rotor to stop spinning and needing the constant kinetic energy from the crank shaft to keep it spinning. By Leedskalnin’s design all the magnetic fields are generated and pushed outward. In this way no two fields work against each other and no energy is lost in the field convergence. And once the fields were established the generator becomes self-sufficient. But was the added harmonics a byproduct of tampering with a well-balanced harmonic device? Or was it a desired effect? The generator is still on the site, though pieces are missing. I wonder what it would take to get it running again?